Scutellaria (Scutellaria baicalensis) is a species of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family native to North America.
Scutellaria flowers in the month of August, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are hermaphrodite, having both male and female organs. They are pollinated by insects. The plant grows in acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
Scutellariae (Scutellaria baicalensis) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been used for disease conditions associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. Scutellaria has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years. The water extracts and the major flavonoid components, Baicalin and Baicalein of Scutellaria are now being studied for their antibacterial effects
Scutellaria (Scutellaria baicalensis) is regularly used in Chinese herbal medicines, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs and was used primarily for conditions such as dysentery and diarrhea.
Some recent researches have found that the roots of Scutellaria contain flavonoids that may significantly enhance liver function and also have anti inflammatory and antiallergenic effects. Scutellaria is by some herbalists considered to be an anodyne, antibacterial, astringent, anticholesterolemic, antipyretic, and antispasmodic.